Create the animated music video for ‘The Story of O.J.’, a track from JAY-Z’s hotly-anticipated visual album, 4:44.


JAY-Z’s concept for the piece draws on the stylistic conventions of theatrical cartoons from the 1930s-40s and highlights the many prejudices and stereotypes of the era. Our artists realized JAY-Z’s vision using a combination of hand-drawn cel animation, computer graphics, and painted backgrounds, collaborating with Titmouse to animate the original characters.


Over 100 million views on YouTube. The video was also Grammy-nominated. WARNING: This video contains explicit language.


JAY-Z & Mark Romanek via Anonymous Content

Production Company

The Mill


JAY-Z & Mark Romanek via Anonymous Content / ECD: Phil Crowe & CD: Lisha Tan, The Mill


Design / Animation

Art Director, Tim Devlin comments, “The project definitely evolved. It all started with JAY-Z’s new track, ‘The Story of O.J.’. He and Mark brainstormed an idea for this film where the track would play over visuals derived from old, racist cartoons from the 1930s-40s. It was a very powerful concept to them. Mark came to us a couple of days after meeting with JAY-Z and we began developing a way to use the conventions of that style of animation to portray these terrible stereotypes, delivering a message through JAY-Z’s voice. We knew it would be a challenge replicating these incredibly controversial cartoons from the past in an authentic way – authenticity being the key – within such a short time frame. While the old animated shorts we referenced would take around 9 months to create, we had six weeks from the initial call to delivery.

Making storyline and character choices proved difficult from a conceptual standpoint too. The 1930s-40s cartoons feature very rubbery, happy characters, but this piece speaks to the serious subject matter. A lot of implications rested on every decision, especially as we were sticking to the specific aesthetic. That’s why, in the end, we ended up breaking away from some of the animation languages of the time. For example, the main character whom we follow throughout the song carries himself in a more modern, laid-back manner than you might see back in the day.”

“It’s as if our lead is looking back in time and commenting on those issues in retrospect.”
Lisha Tan, Creative Director - The Mill


Directors JAY-Z & Mark Romanek via Anonymous Content
Character Animation Titmouse
Producer Ben Kalina
Animation Director Mike Roush
Production Brendan O’Connor
Animators Matt Augustin, Roberto Rosi, Richard Mather, Thom McDonnell, Daran Carlin-Weber, Jonathan Peartree, George Chung, Adam Temple, Brian Pak, Mike McCraw, Dante Buford, Marius Alecse, Connie Chan
Cleanup Jan Naylor, Yi Song, Carl Aspuria, Anthony Parrotta
Design & Animation The Mill
Executive Creative Director Phil Crowe
Executive Producer Elizabeth Newman
Producer Daniel Midgley
Production Coordinator Lauren Wesley
Creative Director Lisha Tan
Lead Character Design Rustam Hasanov
Art Director Tim Devlin
Title Director Ilya Abulkhanov
Design Nathan McKenna, George Fuentes, Ren Chen, Lisha Tan, Amy Graham
Animation Justin Demetrician, Woosung Kang, Kyle Moore, Mikhail Pakhomov, Tim Devlin, Evan Parsons
3D Modeling Sasha Vinogradova
2D Lead Artist John Shirley
Storyboard Artist Vince Wei